Dragon Tail Plant: A Detailed Guide to its Exotic Foliage 2023

Elevate your indoor plant collection with the mesmerizing Dragon Tail (Epipremnum pinnatum).

This native beauty boasts leaves that captivate the imagination, transitioning from glossy and elliptical to intricately lobed forms, resembling the mythical allure of a ‘dragon tail.’ Take advantage of the opportunity to bring this enchantment into your home!

Before we move on, let’s quickly go through some basic information that will set the stage for our exciting journey ahead.

Common NameDragon Tail Plant
Scientific NameEpipremnum pinnatum
Plant typePerennial
Native HabitatSoutheast Asia, Pacific Islands, and Northern Australia
USDA Hardiness Zone11a- 11b
LightBright indirect light
SoilWell-draining, porous, slightly acidic
FertilizerSlow-release fertilizer 
RepottingEvery two years
Toxic to Cats & DogsYes
Toxic to HumansYes
PestsMealybugs, Aphids, Spider mites
DiseasesRoot rot, Leaf Spot, Leaf Blight

Now discover a comprehensive care guide for the Dragon Tail plant that is incredibly easy to follow. 

Additionally, enhance your knowledge of this plant’s appearance, origin, and benefits. Not only is this plant visually appealing, but it also serves practical purposes. Don’t delay any further; the care guide is ready for you.

What is a Dragon Tail Plant?

dragon tail plant

The Dragon Tail Plant (Epipremnum pinnatum), also known as Centipede Tongavine, is a sought-after plant due to its easy care and unique leaves resembling a dragon tail.

The young leaves are elongated with a pointed end and smooth margin.

As they mature, they become deeply lobed, resembling a dragon tail.

The glossy, dark-green leaves have a lighter color on the undersides and can grow up to 1 ft long.

It is a climbing plant with thick fleshy stems that utilize aerial roots and can also creep along the soil surface.

It can be grown in a hanging basket for cascading foliage or provided with a climbing structure like a moss pole or trellis.

While sometimes referred to as Dragon Tail Philodendron, it actually belongs to the Epipremnum genus, which is in the same family as Philodendron, Araceae.


The Dragon Tail plant, belonging to the Araceae family, is primarily found in Southeast Asia, particularly the Philippines.

It is also known as Tonga Vine or Tibatib and is often confused with its cousin, the Scindapsus pictus (Satin pothos).

Unique Features Of Dragon Tail Plant

The Dragon’s Tail plant (Epipremnum pinnatum) possesses several unique features that make it a captivating addition to any indoor space. Here are some of its distinctive characteristics:


The stem of the Dragon Tail plant is relatively slender and flexible.

It can grow up to 3 feet in height allowing the plant to trail or climb when provided with appropriate support.

The stem often develops a trailing or vining habit, making it an ideal candidate for hanging baskets or trained to climb up trellises.

While young stems may have a green coloration, they can develop a woody texture as the plant matures.


The foliage of the Dragon Tail plant is the standout feature. The leaves are elongated and lance-shaped, resembling the tail of a dragon its common name.

These leaves can grow to be around 1 to 2 feet long, adding an elegant touch to any space.

The leaves have a glossy texture and a striking bluish-green hue. The surface of the leaves is smooth, showcasing their beauty and contributing to their unique appeal.


While the Dragon Tail plant is primarily grown for its foliage, it does have the potential to produce flowers.

However, it is relatively uncommon for indoor plants to bloom, and flowering is not a prominent feature of this particular variety.

The flower is usually seen in its natural habitat, where perfect growing conditions are present.

Indoor blooming is rare, but the leaves can still be enjoyed!


In its natural habitat, the Dragon Tail Plant can grow as tall as 30 ft, but when kept indoors, its growth is limited to a range of 3-5 ft.


The Dragon Tail plant, belonging to the Epipremnum family, showcases exceptional air purification properties. It is a useful addition to indoor environments since it may filter and remove toxins like toluene, benzene, and formaldehyde, improving air quality and fostering the development of a healthier living environment.


As for toxicity Dragon tail plants contain calcium oxalate crystals, which can cause irritation if ingested.

When the mouth, throat, and digestive systems are irritated by the crystals, it creates symptoms like swelling and burning.

It is important to keep the Dragon tail plant, out of reach of children and pets to prevent accidental ingestion.

 It is advised to seek medical assistance or call a poison control center right away if you believe someone has consumed any component of the plant or is showing symptoms after contact.

While the Dragon tail adds beauty to indoor spaces, it is essential to handle it with care and be aware of its toxic nature to ensure the safety of everyone in the household, including curious pets.

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Dragon Tail Plant Care

The Dragon Tail, an easy-care indoor plant, is ideal for beginners.

We’re here to assist you in its care.

Light Requirement

The Dragon Tail plant prefers bright, indirect light.

Place your Dragon tail in a suitable location where it receives bright, filtered light.

Direct sunlight may cause the leaves to burn or scorch.

However, too little light can result in leggy growth and a lack of vibrant leaf color.

East-facing or west-facing windows with bright indirect light are suitable indoor locations for your dragon tail plant.

These areas typically provide the right balance of brightness without subjecting the plant to direct sunlight for extended periods.

Placing the plant a few feet away from the window or using sheer curtains can help diffuse the light and protect the plant from harsh rays.

If a suitable bright location is not available, the Dragon’s Tail plant can tolerate moderate to low light conditions.

Watering Technique

Maintaining the right watering technique is essential for your Dragon Tail plant’s overall health.

Overwatering can cause root rot and other complications.

To determine when to water, check the dryness of the soil by inserting your finger a few inches deep.

However, if it’s still moist, wait for a day or two before rechecking.

When watering, ensure the entire potting mix is moist by watering slowly and stopping when the water starts draining through the bottom holes.

Humidity Level

In its natural habitat, the Dragon’s Tail plant is native to tropical regions with high humidity levels.

Therefore, replicating those conditions indoors is beneficial for its growth.

Here are some tips to manage humidity for the Dragon’s Tail plant:

Grouping plants: Placing multiple plants together can create a microclimate with increased humidity.

As plants transpire, they release moisture into the surrounding air, collectively raising the humidity level.

Misting: Regularly misting the leaves of the Dragon’s Tail plant with water can provide a temporary increase in humidity.

Use a spray bottle to mist the foliage, especially during dry periods or in environments with low humidity.

Pebble tray: Placing the plant’s pot on a tray filled with water and pebbles can help increase humidity.

Ensure that the pot is sitting on the pebbles and not submerged in water to prevent root rot.

Humidifier: Set the humidifier to an appropriate level, typically between 40-60% humidity, and place it near the Dragon’s Tail plant.

It will provide enough humidity to your Dragon tail plant

Room placement: Positioning the plant in areas with naturally higher humidity, such as the bathroom or kitchen, can provide a more favorable environment.

These areas often have increased moisture due to daily activities like showering or cooking.

Regularly monitor the humidity levels around the Dragon’s Tail plant using a hygrometer.

Aim for a range of 50-60% humidity, but adjust based on the plant’s specific needs and preferences.

By providing the appropriate humidity levels, you can ensure optimal growth, lush foliage, and overall well-being for the Dragon’s Tail plant.

Temperature Requirement

Dragon’s Tail plant prefers temperatures between 65°F (18°C) and 85°F (29°C).

Avoid exposing it to sudden temperature fluctuations and drafty areas.

Protect the plant from cold drafts, as exposure to cold air can cause damage to the foliage.

Keep it away from heating vents or radiators, as direct heat can dry out the plant.

Maintaining temperature within its preferred range helps promote healthy growth and prevents stress.


Dragon tail prefers well-draining soil to prevent waterlogging and root rot.

A good soil mix of peat moss, perlite or pumice, and orchid bark is suitable for the Philodendron Ring of Fire.

This mixture provides adequate drainage while retaining enough moisture for the plant’s needs.

Drainage: Essential for Healthy Roots

Proper drainage is essential for the healthier and bushier growth of your plant.

Ensure that your chosen pot has drainage holes at the bottom to allow excess water to pass away.

Placing a layer of pebbles or broken pottery shards at the bottom of the pot can enhance drainage by preventing the soil from blocking the drainage holes.

Fertilizer Requirement

In terms of fertilizers, providing the Dragon’s Tail plant with a balanced, water-soluble fertilizer can help support its growth and foliage development.

A general-purpose houseplant fertilizer with a balanced N-P-K (nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium) ratio is suitable.

Follow the instructions on the fertilizer packaging for the appropriate dilution and frequency of application.

During the active growing season, typically spring and summer, fertilize the Dragon’s Tail plant every two to four weeks.

Reduce fertilization during the dormant period in winter when the plant’s growth slows down.

It’s important to note that over-fertilization can be harmful to the plant, causing fertilizer burn or nutrient toxicity.

Always follow the recommended dosage and avoid applying more fertilizer than instructed.

Additionally, consider supplementing the regular fertilizer routine with organic matter, such as compost or well-rotted manure.

This can provide natural nutrients to the soil and enhance its fertility.

Pruning Dragon Tail Plant

Pruning is an important aspect of maintaining and shaping a Dragon’s Tail plant (Epipremnum pinnatum).

Regular pruning helps promote a bushier growth habit, control the plant’s size, and maintain its overall appearance.

Here are some guidelines to follow when pruning a Dragon’s Tail plant: 

Remove dead or damaged leaves: Start by removing any dead or yellowing leaves. Trim them off close to the stem using clean, sharp pruning shears or scissors.

Encourage bushier growth: To promote a fuller, bushier appearance, prune back the stems. Look for areas where the plant has become leggy or has long, bare stems.

 Make cuts just above a leaf node (the point where a leaf emerges from the stem).

By cutting above a leaf node, you encourage new growth from that point, leading to a denser and more compact plant.

Control size: If the Dragon’s Tail plant has outgrown its space or if you want to maintain a specific size, pruning can help.

Trim back longer stems or branches to the desired length.

However, avoid removing too much foliage at once, as it can stress the plant.

Shape and train: Pruning allows you to shape and train the Dragon’s Tail plant according to your preference.

You can guide the plant’s growth by selectively removing certain stems or branches to create a desired form or direction.

Regular pruning can help maintain a neat and well-groomed appearance.

Wiping the blades with rubbing alcohol or a diluted bleach solution helps sanitize the tools and minimize the risk of contamination.

Repotting Dragon Tail

Repotting is an important task in the care of a Dragon’s Tail plant (Epipremnum pinnatum).

It allows the plant to have sufficient space for root growth, replenishes the soil nutrients, and helps maintain its overall health and vitality.

Here are some guidelines to follow when repotting a Dragon’s Tail plant: 


Repotting is typically done when the plant has outgrown its current container or every 1-2 years to refresh the soil.

Spring is generally an ideal time for repotting, as it considers the plant’s active growth period.

Selecting the new pot

The new pot should have drainage holes to ensure proper water drainage and prevent waterlogging.

Using a pot with good drainage helps prevent root rot and other moisture-related issues.

Preparing the plant

Water the Dragon’s Tail plant thoroughly a day or two before repotting.

This helps ensure that the plant is well-hydrated and makes it easier to remove it from the current pot.

Removing the plant

Gently loosen the plant from its current pot.

You can tap the pot’s sides or use your hand to carefully separate the root ball from the pot.

Be cautious not to damage the roots in the process.

Inspecting and pruning

While repotting, inspect the plant’s roots for any signs of rot or damage.

Trim away any brown, mushy, or rotting roots using clean, sharp pruning shears.

This helps promote healthier root growth.

You can also prune back any overgrown or leggy stems to encourage a more compact plant shape.

Adding fresh soil

Fill the new pot with a well-draining potting mix suitable for houseplants.

Add soil around the root ball, gently pressing it down to eliminate air pockets.

Leave some space between the soil surface and the rim of the pot to prevent overflow when watering.

Watering and post-repot care

After repotting, thoroughly water the plant to settle the soil around the roots.

Allow any excess water to drain out of the pot.

Place the newly repotted plant in a location with bright, indirect light and avoid direct sunlight for a few days to minimize stress.

Dragon Tail Plant Propagation

Propagating a Dragon’s Tail plant (Epipremnum pinnatum) is a popular method to expand your plant collection or share the plant with others.

There are a few common propagation methods that can be successfully used with the Dragon’s Tail plant:

Soil Propagation

Soil propagation involves placing plant cuttings directly into a well-draining soil medium to encourage root development.

Here’s how you can propagate a Dragon’s Tail plant using this method: 

  • Take a healthy stem cutting from the parent plant, ensuring it has several nodes.
  • Remove the lower leaves, leaving a few at the top intact.
  • Dip the cut end of the stem in a rooting hormone powder or gel (optional).
  • Prepare a well-draining soil mix suitable for houseplants
  • Create a hole in the soil using a pencil or your finger.
  • Insert the cut end of the stem into the hole, ensuring that at least one node is buried in the soil.
  • Gently firm the soil around the stem to provide stability.
  • Place the potted cutting in a warm and bright location, but avoid direct sunlight.
  • Keep the soil slightly moist, but not overly wet
  • Roots should start developing within a few weeks to a couple of months.
  • Once the cutting has established a strong root system, it can be treated like a mature Dragon’s Tail plant.

Water Propagation 

Water propagation involves placing plant cuttings in water until they develop roots.

Here’s how you can propagate a Dragon’s Tail plant using this method: 

  • Take a healthy stem cutting from the parent plant, ensuring it has several nodes.
  • Remove the lower leaves, leaving a few at the top intact.
  • Fill a clean glass or jar with water, making sure that the cut end of the stem is submerged.
  • Place the glass or jar in a location with bright, indirect light, avoiding direct sunlight.
  • Change the water every few days to prevent stagnation and the growth of bacteria.
  • Roots should start developing within a few weeks to a couple of months.
  • Once the roots are a few inches long, you can transplant the cutting into a new pot

Regular monitoring and care will increase the chances of successful propagation, allowing you to expand your Dragon’s Tail plant collection.

Common Leaf Issues in Dragon Tail Plant

Dragon Tail Plant, like other plants, can sometimes experience leaf issues that may indicate underlying problems.

Here are some common leaf issues you may encounter with the Dragon Tail Plant and their potential causes:

Yellowing Leaves

It can occur due to various reasons, including overwatering, underwatering, nutrient deficiencies, or natural aging.

Assess the plant’s watering routine and adjust accordingly, ensuring the soil is neither too dry nor waterlogged.

Consider fertilizing the plant with a balanced fertilizer to provide the necessary nutrients.

If the yellowing is limited to older leaves at the bottom of the plant, it may be a natural process as new leaves emerge.

Brown Spots or Edges 

Brown spots or edges on the leaves can be caused by inconsistent watering, underwatering, or low humidity.

Check the soil moisture regularly and water the plant when the top inch (2.5 centimeters) of soil becomes slightly dry.

Increase humidity levels by misting the leaves or using a humidifier.

Avoid using water with high salt content, as it can cause leaf burn.

Leaf Curling

Leaf curling can be a response to dry air, low humidity, or inadequate watering.

Increase humidity levels around the plant by misting the leaves or placing a tray of water nearby.

Ensure the plant receives adequate watering, allowing the soil to dry slightly between waterings.

In some cases, curling leaves can also be caused by excessively high temperatures or direct sunlight, so adjust the plant’s placement accordingly.

Leaf Spotting or Discoloration

Leaf spots can occur due to fungal or bacterial infections.

Treat any visible pests with appropriate measures, such as insecticidal soap or natural predators.

For fungal or bacterial issues, consider using a fungicide or adjusting environmental conditions to discourage disease development.

Remove and dispose of severely affected leaves to prevent further spread.

Assess the plant’s conditions and adjust as needed, providing stable and suitable growing conditions.

Regularly inspecting your Dragonplant leaves can help you identify and address any issues promptly.

Pests And Diseases of Dragon Tail Plant

Dragon Tail Plant is generally a resilient plant, but like any other houseplant, it can be susceptible to certain pests and diseases.

Here are some common pests and diseases that may affect the Dragon Tail plant.


1. Aphids: Aphids are small, soft-bodied insects that can gather new growth, causing curling and distortion. They can be found clustered on new growth, undersides of leaves, or along stems.

Use a strong stream of water to wash off aphids from the plant. Alternatively, you can apply insecticidal soap or neem oil following the product instructions. Repeat treatments may be necessary to fully eliminate the infestation.

 2. Spider Mites: Spider mites are tiny pests that can cause webbing on the leaves and damage the plant by piercing the cells and sucking out the sap.  

Regularly misting the leaves to increase humidity can help deter spider mites. If an infestation occurs, you can use insecticidal soap, neem oil, or horticultural oil following the product instructions. Ensure thorough coverage, targeting the undersides of leaves.

 3. Mealybugs: Mealybugs are small, cotton-like insects that gather in clusters. They can be found on leaf joints, leaf undersides, and along stems. Infested areas may appear white or have a sticky residue.

Remove mealybugs manually using a cotton swab dipped in rubbing alcohol or soapy water. For severe infestations, you can use insecticidal soap or neem oil following the product instructions.


Here is a common list of diseases that your Dragon Plant can be afflicted with.

Leaf Spot

Leaf spot diseases are fungal or bacterial infections that cause spots or lesions on the leaves. The areas may vary in color, including brown, black, or yellow, and can sometimes have a concentric ring pattern.

Remove and destroy any infected leaves to prevent the spread of the disease. Ensure proper air circulation and avoid over-watering to minimize moisture on the foliage. Applying a fungicide or bactericide following the product instructions can help manage severe cases.

Root Rot

Root rot is caused by overwatering or poorly draining soil, leading to the decay of the plant’s roots. Symptoms include wilting, yellowing leaves, and a foul odor from the soil.

Address root rot by improving drainage conditions. Allow the soil to dry out slightly between waterings and ensure the pot has adequate drainage holes. Trim any affected roots and repot the plant using fresh, well-draining soil.

Leaf Blight

Leaf blight is a fungal disease that causes large brown or black spots on the leaves. Remove affected leaves and ensure proper air circulation and soil drainage. Apply a fungicide if the blight persists.

By staying vigilant and taking prompt action when necessary, you can effectively manage and mitigate pest and disease issues in your beloved Dragon Tail Plant, ensuring its health and vibrancy. 


How do you take care of a dragon tail plant?

To care for a dragon tail plant, place it in well-draining soil and provide bright, indirect light. Water the plant when the top inch of soil is dry and maintain a warm, humid environment. Fertilize every two weeks during the growing season. Mist the leaves occasionally and protect from direct sunlight to prevent leaf scorching.

What is the dragon tail plant used for?

The dragon tail plant, scientifically known as Epipremnum pinnatum ‘Cebu Blue,’ is primarily used as an ornamental houseplant. Its unique elongated leaves resembling dragon tails add an exotic touch to indoor spaces, making it a popular choice for decoration in homes and offices.

How fast do dragon tail plants grow?

Dragon tail plants have a moderate growth rate and can reach a mature height and spread of approximately 4 to 6 feet. 

 How big does dragon’s tail get?

The growth rate may vary depending on factors such as environmental conditions, care practices, and overall plant health. With proper care, you can expect steady growth and the development of its characteristic elongated leaves.

What is the real name of the dragon tail plant?

The real name of the dragon tail plant is Epipremnum pinnatum ‘Cebu Blue.’ It is a tropical species native to Southeast Asia and belongs to the Araceae family. The plant earned its common name, dragon tail plant, due to the distinct shape of its foliage resembling a dragon’s tail.

Does the dragon tail plant need full sun?

No, the dragon tail plant does not require full sun exposure. It thrives best in bright, indirect light.

Is the Dragon Tail rare?

The Dragon Tail plant, Epipremnum pinnatum ‘Cebu Blue,’ is not considered a rare plant. While it may not be as common as mainstream houseplants, it is popular among plant enthusiasts. It can be found in various plant nurseries and online stores that specialize in indoor plants. Its unique foliage and easy care requirements contribute to its popularity.


In conclusion, the Dragon’s Tail plant (Epipremnum pinnatum) is a beautiful and versatile houseplant that can thrive with the right care and attention.

With proper care, including bright indirect light, well-draining soil, and regular watering, this Dragon plant can thrive and flourish.

By maintaining the above guideline you can enjoy the beauty and vibrancy of the Dragon’s Tail plant as it graces your indoor space with its elegant trailing foliage and can bring joy for years to come.

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